The European Union (EU) is a supranational state, the economic and political union of 28 still sovereign states that together cover most of the continent. After he Second World War, many continental Western European political leaders sought to achieve greater economic cooperation and integration. Their efforts led to the establishment of the European Economic Community (EEC) in 1958, and the eventual creation of a single market between six countries: Belgium, Germany, France, Italy, Luxembourg and the Netherlands. In 1993, the EEC was rebranded as the European Union to reflect the impetus toward greater economic, social and political integration.

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